How to Identify and Care for Your Dog’s Coat

It’s quite easy to tell the differences and remember which items to use for your dog’s specific type of coat, which can be classified based on the texture and the length.

Curly or Wooly Hair

This type of coat is thick, curly, and heavy and requires a lot of grooming and maintenance daily. Conditioner after shampoo is not required, but dematting sprays are needed before brushing to avoid damage. Use a pin brush or curved slicker when brushing and then a finishing comb to remove the tangles.

Wiry Hair

Wiry hair is characterized by bristly and rough hair, as if the strands look broken. However, this type of coat sheds minimally although it’s high-maintenance. For this dog, regular trips to the groomer is required because it’s tricky to perform stripping as early as puppyhood. Conditioner is not required, and daily brushing requires a slicker brush, while a bronze pin brush can remove dirt.

Corded Hair

A perfect example of a dog with mop-like hair is the Komondor. The hair looks like dreadlocks and require heavy grooming with a professional. You must have enough patience to remove tangles and knots daily and to massage the skin after grooming.

Silky Coat

The hair long, flowing, and soft to tough. Daily brushing is required, but it should be done gently to avoid pulling out more hair.

Smooth Coat

The hair is short and lies flat against the dog’s skin. This type of coat requires minimal grooming and will not require a conditioner but a regular shampoo. Brushing is not required daily but if you need to brush, use a pin brush to keep it shiny.

Long Coat

This type of hair is high-maintenance because it requires regular brushing daily to avoid matting and tangles. Long coats can either be silky or coarse, so you should also take the texture into account. Both shampoo and conditioner are required, as well as anti-static grooming spray, shine spray, and the use of wooden pin brush, curved slicker, finishing comb, and ionic brush. Besides brushing, ear-cleaning should also be regular.

Medium-Length Coat

This requires moderate brushing every other day to avoid matting using a pin or bristle brush.

Short-Length Coat

Short-coated dogs actually have two layers of hair despite the length of not more than 3 cm. Short coats have textures which means it can hold water, dirt, oil, and scent. The dog isn’t high maintenance, but the coat can stink if not taken care of properly. Conditioner is not needed, but you can use shine sprays. Brushing is not needed everyday, but you can use a bonze pin brush to make the coat shiny.


You might think a hairless dog does not need maintenance, but bathing is also essential. Apply a sunblock made for dogs with at least SPF 15 even if you’re not going out.

Combination or Double Coat

Most mixed breeds can have combination coats, which means they have both short and long coats in different areas of the body. Smoothing shampoo is required and a conditioner for areas with long coats. Anti-static spray might be needed when using a curved slicker, wooden pin, or ionic brush.

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