Treatment Procedures for Acne

Acne is one of the most common skin illnesses, but is also one of the most difficult to treat. For a dermatologist to devise a treatment plan, the patient must understand its different causes and why some people are more susceptible to acne than others.

Causes of Acne
The different types of acne are caused by a person’s overactive sebaceous glands that produce excessive amounts of oil. But that is not the only factor the dermatologist looks into; genetics, hormonal changes, stress, and medication can also contribute to acne. To add to the confusion, there are also several myths that pertain to the cause of acne such as eating sweet and oily food and having poor hygiene, but acne is not affected by the food you eat or how often you wash your face.

Different Acne Treatments
Fortunately, there are many ways to treat acne effectively based on the severity of the case. That is why it’s important to get the help of a dermatologist so that the person with acne doesn’t end up experimenting with different creams, ointments, toners and cleansers that will only aggravate the problem. Not all acne treatments will work one every skin type and severity of the condition, but mild acne cases can be treated with products that do not need prescription.

1. Mild Acne Treatment. For those with mild blemishes such as blackheads, whiteheads, pustules and papules, products with salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are recommended. Continuous treatment from 4 to 8 weeks is needed, however, before you can see any improvement on your skin.

2. Moderate to Severe Acne Treatment. Moderate to severe acne made up of cysts or nodules cannot be treated with over-the-counter medication and ointments. For such cases, you will need a prescription from the dermatologists and undergo other special treatments to avoid scarring.

3. Topical Treatments. Topical treatments, or ointments and creams that are applied to the skin, are used to kill bacteria that aggravate the skin condition. The ointments and creams usually contain retinoid, antibiotic, or prescription-strength salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide that kill bacteria and reduce oil production. If you’re also suffering from dandruff too, your dermatologist will also prescribe medicated shampoo to treat the condition.

4. Prescribed Medication. The dermatologist will also prescribe medication that will treat swollen and red acne not just found on your face, but those that affect other parts of the body such as the back, chest, and neck. Medication that are prescribed for cysts and nodules are antibiotics that reduce the inflammation and kill bacteria. Others recommend isotretinoin and/or birth control pills that will work on your hormones.

5. Other Procedures. Other treatment procedures might also be performed if you have a severe case of acne. Chemical peels are specially-formulated by the dermatologists to remove papules and blackheads. Acne removal is the drainage and extraction of cysts that did not respond to medication. Lastly, laser and light therapies are designed to target the P. acnes bacteria on your skin.

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